Trilogy of fraud
There is no single reason behind procurement fraud. Any explanation of it need to take account of various factors. However three most important factors which leads to fraud are
The perceived suitability of targets for fraud.
The incapability of potential offenders.
(Government agencies) to look after their interests.
The motivation of potential offenders.
Looking at the same issue from the fraudster's perspective, it is necessary to take account of:
Motivation (including the conditions under which people can rationalize their prospective crimes as 'necessary' -especially when done for the contracting firm -'harmless '- because the victim (Government) is large enough to absorb the impact or even' justified 'because' the victim deserved this 'because I was mistreated'.
Opportunities to commit crime (s) (which may include the existence of national and international social networks, and transferable criminal skills)
This may include skills to carry out fraud ie Bid rigging or collusive tendering,
The expected risks are often different then the actual consequences after the fraud has been carried out.
Consequences of discovery
Expectations of consequences of discovery, including non-penal consequences such as job less and family stigma, proceeds of crime discrimination and traditional criminal sections. (That fraud will not be disclosed often expecting).
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